Human Overpopulation is defined as an unwanted stage when the human population increases more than a specific area can handle. In this case, it would be the earth. The current global population of the earth is 7.34 billion and increasing. There are multiple reasons why overpopulation is happening, such as increasing life expectancy, availability of better facilities, lesser deaths and more births etc. The recent increase in immigration has also contributed to overpopulation as the population tends to migrate to countries where there is better depletion of resources.
Developing advances in innovation with each coming year has influenced mankind from multiple points of view. One of these has been the capacity to spare lives and make better restorative treatment for all. An immediate consequence of this has been expanded life expectancy and the development of the population. In the previous fifty or so years, the development of population has blasted and has transformed into overpopulation. Throughout history, the birth rate and mortality rate have dependably had the capacity to adjust each and keep up a sustainable number of people on earth.
Since the season of the Bubonic Plague in the 1400’s, the development of populace has been on a consistent increase. Between the season of the plague and the 21st century, there have been a great number of wars, disasters and man-made perils. Nonetheless, none of these have made an impact on the population. Developing countries face the issue of overpopulation more than developed countries, yet it influences majority of the Earth. When we are discussing overpopulation, we should initially understand why it happens.
Causes of Overpopulation
Decrease in the Death Rate: At the base of overpopulation is the general difference between the birth rate and mortality rate in populations. On the off chance that the quantity of youngsters brought into the world every year levels with the quantity of grown-ups that bite the dust, at that point the population will balance out. Discussing overpopulation demonstrates that while there are numerous ways that can increase the mortality rate for brief timeframes, the ones that expand the birth rate do as such over an extensive stretch of time. The invention of farming by our predecessors was one factor that gave them the capacity to support their nourishment without hunting for it. This made the initial difference between the two rates as the life expectancy started to increase.
Better Medical Facilities: The previous factor was followed by the Industrial revolution. Enhanced technology was perhaps a major reason why the population went out of balance permanently. Science had the capacity to deliver better methods for creating nourishment, which enabled families to feed more children. Therapeutic science made numerous disclosures on account of which they had the capacity to crush an entire scope of infections. Sicknesses that had affected a huge number of lives till presently were restored as a result of the innovation of immunizations and better vaccines. Adding the rise in life expectancy with fewer methods for causing mortality tipped the equalization and turned into the beginning stage of overpopulation.
More births to Overcome Poverty: However, when discussing overpopulation we need to comprehend that there is a mental segment to it as well. For a large number of years, a smaller number of world’s population had enough resources to live comfortably. The rest confronted neediness and would bring forth extensive families to compensate for the high infant death rates. Families that have experienced poverty, natural disasters or just need more children to work are a central point for human overpopulation. When compared with history, most of these additional children now grow up to endure and use assets that are not adequate enough in the world.
Better Fertility Treatments: With most recent technologies and more discoveries in medicinal science, it has turned out that couples unable to have children can undergo treatment and have their own children. There are many medications that could influence the fertility and increase chances of conception and thereby increase the birth rate. Additionally, because of present day procedures pregnancies today are undeniably more secure.
Migration: Many individuals want to move to Developed countries like US, UK, Canada and Australia where best services are accessible as far as medical, education, security, business and jobs. The final stage is that those individuals settle in these developed countries and these nations become overpopulated. Contrast between the amount of individuals who are leaving the nation and the amount of individuals who enter the nation limits which leads to increased demand for food, garments, services and homes. This causes a decline in assets. In spite of the fact that the general population numbers in the world remain the same, it just influences the density of population making that place (for e.g. country) to basically be overpopulated.
Absence of Family Planning: Most third world countries have increased number of individuals who are uneducated, live beneath the poverty line and have practically no learning about family planning. Getting their youngsters wedded at an early age increase the odds of that couple having more children. Those individuals are unfit to comprehend the hurtful impacts of overpopulation and minimal literacy urges them to stay away from family planning techniques.
Effects of Overpopulation
Human overpopulation has been seen to have detrimental impact on the environment. Some of the issues have been described ahead;
Consumption of Natural Resources: The impacts of overpopulation are very serious. The first of these is the exhaustion of assets. The Earth can just create a restricted level of water and food, which is less than what the world’s current population needs. The greater part of the ecological harm being found in the last fifty odd years is a result of the increasing number of individuals on the planet. They are chopping down woodlands, chasing and poaching wildlife in an unrestricted manner, causing contamination and making a large group of environmental issues. Those discussing overpopulation have seen that demonstrations of savagery and hostility outside a war zone have expanded immensely while fighting for assets.
Degeneration of the Environment: With the abuse of coal, oil and petroleum gas, it has begun creating some genuine impact on the environment. Increase in the quantity of vehicles and businesses have seriously influenced the nature of air which has obviously become more polluted. An increase in the CO2 output has led to global warming. Dissolving of polar ice tops, changing atmosphere designs, ascend in ocean level are some of the effects on the environment that we may have to face in the near future due to different kinds of pollution.
Clashes and Wars: Overpopulation in third-world countries puts a noteworthy stress on the assets that are to be used for its development. Clashes over water are turning into a cause of conflict between nations, which could result in wars. It makes more ailments spread and makes them harder to control. Starvation is a major issue confronting the world and it’s major effect is the death rate of children being so high. Poverty is the greatest trademark we see when discussing overpopulation. The majority of this will possibly turn out to be more severe if solutions are not found for the components influencing our population. We cannot prevent it anymore, however, there are approaches to control it.
Ascend in Unemployment: When a nation moves towards becoming overpopulated, it leads to higher unemployment rate as there just not enough jobs to accommodate that many people. A rise in unemployed individuals leads to higher criminal activity as individuals will take different things to sustain their family and provide them with basic requirements for survival.
Rising expense of Living: As the difference among demand and supply keeps on extending because of overpopulation, it raises the costs of different items including food, asylum and medical services. This implies individuals need to pay more to survive and encourage their families.
Solutions To Overpopulation
Higher Literacy rates- Better Education: One of the main measures is to act on strategies reflecting social change. Educating the majority of the world’s population causes them to learn that they need one or two children at most and no more. Also, Education helps extremely in understanding most recent advances at places like The Technology Review. Families that are confronting a hard life and have four or five youngsters need to be counseled. Family planning and effective contraception can help in ladies settling on their own decisions about having children. Open argument on abortion and deliberate sterilization (e.g. vasectomy/hysterectomy) ought to be seen when discussing overpopulation.
Teaching about Family Planning: As the rate of population growth in this world is increasing, educating individuals with respect to family planning and teaching them genuine delayed impact of overpopulation can help reduce that rate of population growth. The most ideal path is to tell them about different safe sex procedures and contraceptives strategies accessible to stay away from any undesirable pregnancy.
Tax reductions or Incentives: Governments of different nations may need to accompany different arrangements or rules regarding financials (taxes) to prevent human overpopulation. One of them may be to forgo of certain piece of salary tax or bringing down percentage of tax for those wedded couples who have single or two kids. As we people are increasingly disposed towards cash, this may deliver some constructive outcomes. China had a one-child policy for nearly three decades which helped them control overpopulation. The policy indicated heavy fines or public embarrassment on having more than one child. This rule was relaxed just recently in November,2013.
Sex Education: Sex education to youthful children when they are near 18 years old should be
done. Most guardians feel shy in talking about such things with their children
which results in these kids searching for such information on websites or
talking about it with their friends and colleagues. For the most part, the data
is inadequate which results in sexually active teenagers not knowing of contraceptives
and also humiliated to find out information regarding them. It is in this
manner vital for guardians and educators to shed their old hindrances and make
their children or students mindful of proper sex education.